1978 Camaro Data

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1978 Camaro Production: 36,982 6-cyl, 235,649 V8, 272,631 total.
Dealer Introduction: 10/6/77

Vehicle Identification Example: 1Q87U8N515127

  • First digit is GM Division: 1 = Chevrolet
  • Second digit is model: Q = Sport Coupe, Rally Sport, and Z28, S = Type LT
  • Digits 3 & 4 are body type: 87 = 2dr. coupe
  • Fifth digit is engine code: D = 250ci, L = 350ci, U = 305ci
  • Sixth digit is model year: 8 = 1978
  • Seventh digit is N for Norwood assembly, L for Van Nuys.
  • Last six digits increased one with each car built at each plant.
  •   Click here to view 1978 Dealer Sales Brochure

    Dimensions
    Length: 195.5"Height: 49.2" Width: 74.4" Wheelbase: 108.0"

    Curb Weight: (in pounds, see: 1978 Option weight table)
    1FQ87 (L6) - 3403
    1FS87 (L6) - 3457


    1978 Ending VIN by Month
    Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug
    Norwood: 501212 511517 522607 533888 543673 553483 566818 581600 595407 610795 624756 636526 642375
    Van Nuys: 505844 518487 527630 535345 544183 554140 564916 578793 592824 608868 623022 630258  

    1978 Camaro Spotters Guide & New Features

    After 4 years of the extruded aluminum bumpers, an all new body color urethane front & rear fascia was finally added to the car. Intended to debut in 1976, production delays held up the restyle until this year. Now hidden behind the sleek new nose was the impact absorbing crash structure able to withstand greater than 5MPH impacts. The rear tail lights were redesigned as well, now incorparating 3-color lenses on either side of the fuel door in the center. The license plate was relocated to a molded in section of the rear bumper.

    The Camaro wasn't just continuing to blow the competition away on the street, but it paste'ed the rival Mustang in the showroom again, outselling the Ford 247,437 to 179,039. There was no competition.

    Removable smoke glass t-tops (CC1) were now available. The Type LT and Rally Sport were back, with the RS a separate model as opposed to a RPO. Z28 sales were going up, up & away... The only things slowing down were the cars themselves with the higher gear ratios (except in the Z28). This was in the effort to improve fuel economy. Other things that were improved in 1978 included....


    GO: Back to 1977 | Continue to 1979

    Click here to view: Base Coupe front view | Rear View Sport Coupe (w/o "Nessie")
    Click here for: 1978 Dealer Sales Brochure
    Click here for Second Generation Camaro Spotters Guide & Summary of Yearly Changes

    1978 Camaro Engine & Drivetrain Info
    CIDConfig Bore & StrokeBHP @ RPMTorque @ rpm CompCarb.
    L-22 250* L-63.875 x 3.5390 @ 3600*175 @ 1600*8.1:11V
    L-22 250 L-63.875 x 3.53110 @ 3800195 @ 16008.1:11V
    LG-3305* V-83.736 x 3.48135 @ 3800*240 @ 2000*8.4:12V
    LG-3305 V-83.736 x 3.48145 @ 3800245 @ 24008.4:12V
    LM-1350* V-84.00 x 3.48160 @ 3800*260 @ 2400* 8.2:14V
    LM-1350 V-84.00 x 3.48170 @ 3800270 @ 24008.2:14V
    Z-28350* V-84.00 x 3.48175 @ 3800*265 @ 2400*8.2:14V
    Z-28350 V-84.00 x 3.48185 @ 4000280 @ 24008.2:14V

    * denotes California and high-altitude ratings.

    Engine Suffix code
    CCH: 250ci, at, ceCHL: 350ci, atCTH: 305ci, mt
    CCJ: 250ci, mt CHR: 350ci, mtCTK: 305ci, at, ce
    CCK: 250ci, atCHS: 350ci, at
    CHS: 350ci, MT*
    C3N: 305ci, ex, uu
    CEM: 305ci, atCHT: 350ci, mt, uuC3T: 350ci, ex, uu
    CHC: 350ci, atCHU: 350ci, at, uu C3Y:250ci, ex, uu
    CHF: 350ci, at

    Abbreviations: at = automatic transmission, ce = california emission controls, ci = cubic inch, ex = export, mt = manual transmission, uu = uncertain usage.
    *CHS code typically used for A/T applications. There is documented use of this code with M/T equipped vehicles as well.

    Engine Code Example: V0427CHS - (350ci - Assembled in Flint assembly plant on April 27)
    Click here for further engine decoding information

    1978 Camaro Power Teams
        L-22 LG-3 LM-1 Z-28
        250 305 350 350
    3-and 4 speed 1 3.50:1 2.85:1 2.85:1 2.64:1
    manual 2 1.89:1 2.02:1 2.02:1 1.75:1
    transmission 3 1.00:1 1.35:1 1.35:1 1.34:1
    ratios 4 -- 1.00:1 1.00:1 1.00:1
      R 3.62:1 2.85:1 2.85:1 2.55:1
               
    Clutch diam., in.   9.12 10.34 10.34 11.0
               
    Axle ratios S 2.73:1 3.08:1 3.08:1 3.73:1
               
        L-22 LG-3 LM-1 Z-28
        250 305 350 350
    Turbo Hydramatic 1 2.52:1 2.52:1 2.52:1 2.52:1
    transmission 2 1.52:1 1.52:1 1.52:1 1.52:1
    ratios 3 1.00:1 1.00:1 1.00:1 1.00:1
    R 1.93:1 1.93:1 1.93:1 1.93:1
               
    Axle ratios S 2.73:1 2.41:1 2.41:1 3.42:1
      P -- -- 3.08:1 --

    No manual transmissions available in California for 1978.
    S = Standard ratio, P = Performance.

    Transmission Codes
    Manual - Type Plant Code
    3-Speed Muncie S
    4-Speed (Saginaw) Muncie R
      Automatic - Source Code
      Parma THM 350 B
      Toledo THM 350 Y
     GM of Canada THM 350J
     Buick Motor DivisionK
    Note: Buick code located on governor cover.

    Transmission Code Example: Y8D27 - (1978 TH350, 3 speed A/T, assembled April 27)
    Click here for further transmission decoding information

    Rear Axle Codes
    PA2.73:1 PP3.23:1 Locking
    PC3.08:1 PS2.41:1 Locking
    PE3.42:1 PU2.73:1 Locking
    PF2.73:1 PW3.08:1 Locking
    PJ2.41:1 PY3.42:1 Locking
    PM3.23:1 PZ3.73:1 Locking

    Rearend Code Example: PYG100DE - (Chevy sourced 3.42 Posi, Assembled on day shift of 100th day of the year w/Eaton Posi)
    Click here for further axle decoding information
    Click Here for general axle info and tooth combinations

    1978 Camaro Factory Options
    RPO DescriptionQty Retail *
    1FQ87 Camaro Sport Coupe134,491$4,414.25
    1FQ87 Camaro Rally Sport Coupe11,902 4,784.25
    1FS87 Camaro Type LT Coupe 65,635 4,814.25
    1FS87 Camaro Type LT Rally Sport Coupe5,696 5,065.25
    1FQ87 Camaro Z28 Sport Coupe54,907 5,603.85
    AK1Belts, color-keyed seat and shoulder96,221 21.00
    AN6Adjustable Seat Back, driver side23,443 21.00
    AU3Power Door Locks31,956 80.00
    A01Soft Ray Tinted Glass, all windows233,11556.00
    A02Tinted windshield6,568
    A31Power Windows51,008 124.00
    BS1Acoustical Insulation Package
    B37 Floor Mats, color-keyed front and rear 126,90020.00
    B80 Molding, roof drip111,90423.00
    B84 Moldings, body side136,72442.00
    B93 Moldings, door edge 79,602 11.00
    ... Vinyl Sport Roof Cover 11,708 102.00
    CC1 Roof Panels, removable glass 9,875 625.00
    CD4 Windshield Wipers, intermittent32,548 32.00
    C50 Defroster, rear window 95,225 51.00
    C60 Air Conditioning194,584539.00
    D35 Mirrors, sport right and left remote exterior121,628 33.00
    D55 Console261,95580.00
    D80 Spoiler, rear 44,609 55.00
    F41 Suspension, sport33,920 38.00
    G80 Positraction, rear axle32,834 59.00
    G92 Rear Axle, performance ratio 1,878 15.00
    J50 Power Brakes 207,39369.00
    K05Engine Block Heater4,917
    K30 Speed Control, cruise master46,800 90.00
    LG3 Engine, 305ci, 145hp V8 (135hp in Calif)143,110185.00
    LM1 Engine, 350ci, 170hp V8 (160hp in Calif)92,539 300.00
    MM4 Transmission, 4-speed wide range11,287 125.00
    MX1 Transmission, automatic239,559307.00
    M21 Transmission, 4-speed close ratio (Z28 only)15,118 nc
    NA6 Emission Equipment, high altitude1,436 33.00
    N33 Tilt Steering Column 117,03569.00
    N65 Spare Tire, space saver30,440 nc
    PE1 Wheels, custom-style17,658 133.00
    P01 Wheel Covers, bright metal14,642 37.00
    QBT Tires, FR78x14 belted radial white letter44,370 61.00
    QDW Tires, FR78x14 belted radial white stripe144,87846.00
    QEG Tires, E78x14 belted blackwall 2,951 -112.95
    QEH Tires, E78x14 belted white stripe13,138 -68.95
    UA1 Battery, heavy-duty26,390 18.00
    UM1 Radio, AM with stereo tape10,074 229.00
    UM2 Radio, AM-FM with stereo tape 32,156 328.00
    U05 Horns, dual25,088 7.00
    U14 Special Instrumentation15,967 106.00
    U35 Clock 26,246 20.00
    U58 Radio, AM-FM stereo32,477 229.00
    U63 Radio, AM74,376 79.00
    U69 Radio, AM-FM 35,838149.00
    U76 Antenna, windshield type74,814 25.00
    U80 Speaker, rear seat28,940 24.00
    V01 Radiator heavy-duty56,624 31.00
    YF5 Emission Equipment, required for California 33,911 75.00
    YJ8 Wheels, aluminum23,794 265.00
    ZJ7 Rally Wheels102,56385.00
    ZJ9 Auxiliary Lighting62,280 34.00
    Z21Style Trim Group111,05470.00
    Z49Canadian Equipment19,314
    Z54Interior Decor and Quiet Sound Package 32,099 61.00

    * Option prices are retail for base model. Prices could be reduced or option could be had at no charge if it was included as standard equipment on the Z28 or Type LT model.

    1978 Camaro Exterior & Interior Color Codes
    Trim Tag (Norwood Built Camaro)
    Model Year - 1978 Model Description Assembly Plant - Norwood Ohio Fisher Body Unit Number Interior Trim Code - 74R = Carmine Std. vinyl Seat Code Lower Body Paint Code - 77 = Carmine Upper Body Paint Code - 77 = Carmine Build Date - 01A = 1st Week January Base Model - Blank = Yes Dash Color - CAR = Carmine Internal Plant Code

    The trim tag, located on the cowl area identifies significant information about your car. Move mouse over code on above trim tag examples for detailed description or Click Here for general trim tag decoding information.

    Paint CodeColorQtyInterior Availability
    11 White28,908 B-Bk-C-G-T-Wb-Wbk-Wc-Wg-Ws
    15 * Silver32,060 B-Bk-C-Wbk
    19 Black30,789 B-Bk-C-G-T-Wbk-Wc-Ws
    22 Dark Blue 29,788 B-Bk-Wb-Wbk
    24 * Bright Blue24,828 B-Bk-Wb-Wbk
    34 * Yellow-Orange2,311Bk-T-Wbk
    48 Dark Blue-Green15,030 Bk-T-G-Wbk-Wg
    51 Bright Yellow15,361 Bk-T-Wbk
    63 * Camel20,267 Bk-T-Wbk
    67 * Saffron9,230Bk-T-Wbk-Ws
    69 * Dark Camel23,370 Bk-T-Wbk
    75 Light Red16,163 Bk-C-T-Wbk
    77 * Carmine24,509 Bk-C-T-Wbk-Wc
    * new color for 1978
    Note: Code 34 available on Z28 only. Code 22 & 67 not available on Z28.

    1978 Sport Roof Color Code (T)
    11 15 19 22 44 61 79
    Levant grain Vinyl. Not available on Rally Sport or Z28.
    11T = White, 15T = Silver, 19T = Black, 22T = Light Blue, 44T = Green, 61T = Carmel, 79T = Dark Carmine

    Interior Trim Codes:
    Five distinct trim combinations available. Code number is color: 11 = White, 19 = Black, 24 = Blue, 44 = Green, 62 = Tan, 74 = Carmine
    Suffix letter is trim level (Material Type or Grain). - B = Standard Cloth (Sparta trilaminate knit cloth), D = Edinburgh sport cloth (black only) C = Custom Cloth (Bedford Knit Corduroy), N = Custom vinyl (Derma vinyl), R = Standard vinyl (Oxen vinyl)

    Standard
    vinyl
    Standard
    Cloth

    11R
    W

    19R
    Bk

    44R
    G

    62R
    T

    74R
    C

    19B
    Bk

    24B
    B

    62B
    T

    74B
    C

    Custom
    vinyl
    Custom
    Cloth

    11N
    W

    19N
    Bk

    44N
    G

    62N
    T

    74N
    C

    19D
    Bk

    24C
    B

    62C
    T

    74C
    C

    1978 Camaro Carpet Color
    Black Blue Green Camel Carmine Saffron

    Interior color coordination: Seats, headliner & door panel trim are the same color
    ** With code 11 white seats, 19X had black carpet & instrument panel pad, 24X had blue carpet & instrument panel pad, 44X had green carpet & instrument panel pad, 67X had saffron carpet & instrument panel pad, and 74X had carmine carpet & instrument panel pad.

    Abbreviations: B = Blue, Bk = Black, C = Carmine, G = Green, T = Tan, W = White, Wb = White seats with blue carpet, Wbk = White seats with black carpet, Wc = White seats with carmine carpet, Wg = White seats with green carpet, Ws = White seats with saffron carpet.

    Interior Trim / Seat Type order code, availability & cost
    V**2 = vinyl Bucket Seats, (N/A Type LT), no charge.
    C**2 = Cloth Bucket Seats, (N/A Type LT), $21.

    Custom Interior: Includes glove compartment light and additional instrument cluster lighting, special insulation, "Type LT" seats, seat trim and door trim. Simulated leather on instrument cluster. Requires D35 sport mirrors.

    X**2 = Custom vinyl Bucket, (no charge w/ Type LT), $294.
    F**2 = Custom Cloth Bucket, ($21 w/Type LT), $315

    1978 Camaro RPO Breakouts & Model Specifics

    1978 Z21 Style Trim - Includes body colored insert on door handles; bright roof drip, lock pillar, upper fender, hood panel and belt mouldings plus bright accented parking lights.

    1978 Z28 Special Performance Package

    Other Views: Front view | High Angle Nose | Side View | Aggressive view from front | Rear View | Z28 Sales Brochure

    Engine: Hydraulic-cam 350 delivered 185 bhp and 280 ft./lb. torque. Cast-iron crank. 2-bolt mains. Cam timing: 280 degree intake, 288 exhaust, 58-degree overlap, 0.410 inch lift. Rochester 4-barrel carb. No mufflers but after the single catalytic converter the exhaust system split into two resonators and dual tail pipes. Identical to and unchanged from 1977.

    Click here to see the specific LM-1 Engine Components.

    1978 Z28 Carburetor (Rochester Quadrajet)

    Transmission: 4-speed Borg-Warner T-10, aluminum case, Inland or Hurst shifter, 2.54:1 low (not available in California). Turbo Hydra-Matic 350 optional, mandatory in California.

    Clutch: 11 inch diameter.

    Rear Axle: Ratios were 3.42 for Turbo Hydra-Matic and 3.73 for 4-speed; no options

    Brakes: 11-inch, vented, cast-iron front discs with vacuum assist standard. Rear 9.5-inch drums. (unchanged since 1970)

    Front Suspension: Spring rates 365 lb./in. Stabilizer 1.2 inch. Identical to and unchanged from 1977.

    Rear Suspension: Spring rate 127 lb./in. Rear Stabilizer .55 inch. Identical and unchanged since 1977.

    Steering: Power assist, straight 13.02:1 overall. Identical to 1977.

    Wheels & Tires: 15 x 7 rims, Goodyear GR70-15 steel-belted radials standard.

    Click here to see the specific 1978 Z28 Chassis Specifications.

    Other Options, equipment, facts: While all Camaros for 1978 were restyled with the new front and rear fascias, the 1978 Z28 engine and suspension was basically identical to 1977. The exception to this was the incorparation of the lower control arm braces and reinforced spring shackles. Headlight bezels and window trim were black anodized, not chrome. New functional "gill" style fender vents, and a non-functional "stinger" style hood scoop which replaced the previously used "hood scoop" decal. Simulated Rope wrapped steering wheel, unique to the Z28.

    Total Production: 54,907

    His Majesty. The Camaro Z28.
    Click above images to view Z28 Sales Ad full size. Images open in new window.

    Z28 Performance Test Data
    Source: Car & Driver - 3/78. Test Vehicle: 1978 Z28, 4 speed 3.73:1, curb weight 3560 lbs.

    Gear Ratio MPH/1000 Max. Test Speed
    1 2.64 8.0 40 mph @ 5000 rpm
    2 1.75 12.0 60 mph @ 5000 rpm
    3 1.34 15.7 79 mph @ 5000 rpm
    4 1.00 21.1 123 mpg @ 5800 rpm


    Standing 1/4 mile: 16.0 sec. @ 91.1 mph
    Top Speed : 123 mph (observed)
    70 - 0 mph: 181 ft. (0.91G)
    Fuel Milage: 14.5 mpg / 16 mpg hwy
    Interior sound level: 53 dBA @ Idle / 75 dBA @ 70 mph cruise
    77 dBA @ full throttle

     
    Zero to.... Seconds
    30 mph2.7
    40 mph3.9
    50 mph5.5
    60 mph7.3
    70 mph9.8
    80 mph12.5
    90 mph15.7
    100 mph20.4

    1978 Z54 Interior Decor/Quiet Sound - Includes glove compartment light and additional instrument cluster lighting; simulated leather accents on instrument cluster; special engine compartment, hood and interior insulation (Standard with Type LT)

    1978 Rally Sport Model - Two tone paint scheme, includes "upper color" hood, header panel, grill, headlamp bezels, top of fenders, front part of roof, upper portion of doors, rear end panel and license plate opening. Tri-color decal separates upper color from body color. Tri-color rally sport decals on fenders and deck lid. Option D35 sport mirrors, D80 rear spoiler and ZJ7 Rally Wheels were standard.
    Not available w/vinyl roof, not combinable with Z28 model.
    Available lower body color choices were: Blue, Camel, Lt. Red, Silver, White & Bright Yellow.
    Click to view: Rally Sport Sales Brochure

    1978 Type LT - Included Custom Interior. Radcliffe woven sport cloth fabric replaced previous plaid cloth material. Door panels came in two styles with tack on arm rests combined with pull handles, plain panel faces for interiors with cloth seats, and pleated faces for interiors with vinyl seats. Tan simulated leather applique on instrument panel. Amberlite insulation blankets included in doors, rear quarters, roof/sail panels, behind rear seat, under package tray and under carpeting (RPO Z54 interior decor/quiet sound). Option D35 sport mirrors, U05 dual horns, U14 Special Instrumentation and ZJ7 Rally Wheels were standard.
    Click to view: Type LT Sales Brochure


    Last updated: 10/30/2011
    Author: MadMike Maciolek

    The Second Generation Camaro Owners Group - Online Newsletter
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